Concurrent intraoperative uterine rupture and placenta accreta. Do preoperative chronic hypertension, preterm premature rupture of membranes, chorioamnionitis, and placental abruption provide warning to this rare occurrence?
M. Anthony Cometa, Scott M. Wasilko, Adam L. Wendling
Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Obstetric Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA
Uterine and placental pathology can be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the parturient and infant. When presenting alone, placental abruption, uterine rupture, or placenta accreta can result in significant peripartum hemorrhage, requiring aggressive surgical and anesthetic management; however, the presence of multiple concurrent uterine and placental pathologies can result in significant morbidity and mortality. We present the anesthetic management of a parturient who underwent an urgent cesarean delivery for nonreassuring fetal tracing in the setting of chronic hypertension, preterm premature rupture of membranes, and chorioamnionitis who was subsequently found to have placental abruption, uterine rupture, and placenta accreta.
Keywords: preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), chorioamnionitis, placental abruption, uterine rupture, placenta accrete, cesarean-hysterectomy