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REVIEW ARTICLE

Quality trends in healthcare and their impact on anesthesiology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21454/rjaic.7518.241.qty

Teodora O. Nicolescu
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma USA

Abstract

The new approach of a patient-centred, appropriate and timely care that was at the heart of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) initiative is changing the face of the healthcare industry in general and, in particular, of anesthesiology as a speciality. The drivers of this change are better quality and decreased healthcare costs, since despite a large expenditure for healthcare, the quality of care has not changed tremendously. Metrics have been identified, derived from the cybernetic model first described by the quality “parent”. Donabedian
and each of those metrics have both advantages as well as disadvantages. Ultimately the outcome measures are the ones that CMS will hold hospitals accountable for financially as well as from a safety standpoint. The culture of safety and quality as well as methodologies to improve that culture will shape the future of quality of care and improve outcomes and patient satisfaction.

Keywords: quality dimension, quality metrics, outcome measures, financial incentives, MIPS (merit based incentive payment systems), MACRA (Medicare Access and Chip Reauthorization Act)