Volume 23 No.1, April 2016


Singularity now: using the ventricular assist device as a model for future human-robotic physiology

Archer K. Martin
Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Florida, USA

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21454/rjaic.7518.231.sfb

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In our 21st century world, human-robotic interactions are far more complicated than Asimov predicted in 1942. The future of human-robotic interactions includes human-robotic machine hybrids with an integrated physiology, working together to achieve an enhanced level of baseline human physiological performance. This achievement can be described as a biological Singularity.
I argue that this time of Singularity cannot be met by current biological technologies, and that human-robotic physiology must be integrated for the Singularity to occur. In order to conquer the challenges we face regarding human-robotic physiology, we first need to identify a working model in today’s world. Once identified, this model can form the basis for the study, creation, expansion, and optimization of human-robotic hybrid physiology.
In this paper, I present and defend the line of argument that currently this kind of model (proposed to be named “IshBot”) can best be studied in ventricular assist devices – VAD.

Keywords: singularity, human-robot hybrid, ventricular assist devices, ethics